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Back End Developer: Learn about the Definition and the Tasks

Last updated: Sep 28, 2022

What is Back End Developer?

Back end developer is a term for someone who develops a website from the server side or server side. Back end developers work to ensure the smooth process of exchanging data from the browser to the server so that the website can work properly.

The work focus of back end developers is related to databases, back end logic, APIs (application programming interfaces), website architecture, and servers. They must master various programming languages related to servers and their frameworks.

In developing a website, back end developers do not work alone. There are many parties who also play a role and cooperate with them. Some of them include front end developers, product managers, website testers, and so on.

Back End Developer Tasks

Back end developers are not only needed during the website creation process but also when the website is online. To know what kind of profession back end developer is, you also have to understand their duties. Some of their main tasks are:

Designing and Managing Websites

The back end developer's job is to design and manage the website from the server side, such as databases and website flows. Database is a place to store data from websites. Examples of data stored in databases include consumer data, product data, and so on.

The database must be created efficiently so that it can store data securely and easily accessed. An efficient database can also reduce server performance so that the website is not easily taken down.

Another thing that is no less important is the flow of the website. The back end developer's job is to design a website flow that makes the user experience easier. For example, the flow of an e-commerce website starts from the process of selecting a product to completing a payment.

Keeping the Site Secure

Once the website is created and online, back end developers must perform maintenance. One of the important aspects of the site's maintenance is related to website security. They must know various kinds of hacking techniques, such as phishing, SQL injection, and defacement.

By knowing these hacking techniques, it will be easier for back end developers to find solutions to deal with website security problems.

Conducting QA Testing

Quality Assurance (QA) testing is the process of testing a website or application to obtain information about the quality of the product being tested. The goal is to ensure that the website already has a good UI and UX and has an optimized appearance on various browsers and devices.

The task of a back end developer is to carry out tests on the website, create test flows, and make reports on the results of these tests.

Resolving Website Issues

During the development process or after launch, the website will always be faced with various issues. Therefore, it is the back end developers' job to ensure that these issues can be resolved properly by performing troubleshooting and debugging.

Some of the issues that need to be addressed by back end developers are website efficiency and speed, bugs and errors, hacks, and others. To resolve these issues, they can work closely with other teams, which include project managers, QA teams, and stakeholders.

Measuring Website’s Performance

Another task of back end developers is to maintain website performance. Performance measurement needs to be done so that they can find new opportunities to perform website optimization.

How to Become a Back End Developer?

Understanding what back end developers are and what they do does not qualify you to work in this field. If you want to know how to become a back end developer, then you have to master various technical and communication skills. Some of these skills are: 

Technical Expertise

  • Mastering various programming languages ​​related to website servers such as PHPJavascript, Python, and Ruby.
  • Mastering various frameworks such as CodeIgniter, Laravel, Yii, Spring, Hibernate Django, Flask, and Rails can speed up the website creation process.
  • Able to manage various types of servers such as Nginx, Apache, and LiteSpeed to make it easier for you to configure hosting services.
  • Capable of managing and manipulating data on various types of databases such as MySQL, PostgreSQL, and noSQL.
  • Mastering the management of APIs to integrate various software or programming languages.
  • Mastering the VCS, or Version Control System, which functions to regulate the version of the code on each website's development.

Communication Skills

  • The ability to coordinate and collaborate with various stakeholders can greatly impact the process of creating and managing websites.
  • Back end developers must be able to work well in a team or by themselves. 
  • Keen interest in technology and analytical activities can help the communication process.


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