XML Sitemap is a file that provides search engines with detailed information on all pages of the owners' website to search engines, in which the information can be accessed by all internet users. Search engines use a sitemap to index and understand the owner website, and users can find the web page they are looking for quickly.
After a website page is indexed, search engines use the information on the web page to rank websites on search engines. The XML sitemap also contains metadata that can provide users with specific information, and when it was last updated.
Having an XML sitemap on a website gives several advantages for the growth of the website. Some of the advantages that users will get are:
In creating an XML sitemap, users can use the Yoast plugin (for WordPress users). This plugin has an advantage to organize content, help in setting keyword density, and also create an XML sitemap
Here's how to create an XML Sitemap:
This plugin can be found on menu plugin > add new plugin > then type Yoast SEO on search > install
After it is activated, Yoast SEO will be automatically activate the XML Sitemap, and is ready to operate:
After creating XML Sitemap, we will submit the sitemap that we have created to search engines, as the following ways:
In fact, having an XML sitemap can increase the rank of your website if it is managed properly. Other than that, the XML sitemap is also very useful when:
XML Sitemap Index
XML Sitemap has some limitations:
Sitemap can be compressed to save server bandwidth. In order not to exceed the limit, the users can split the URL into multiple XML sitemaps. Then, the sitemap will be combined into one index file in which it will later become the index of the owned web page, usually it will be in the form of file named sitemap-index.xml.
XML Sitemap Image
XML sitemaps are designed to improve the content indexation in images. However, an XML Image sitemap is not necessary for most websites, but it is needed when users have a website that provides a stock of photos or e-commerce.
XML Sitemap Video
Basically, this sitemap is the same as an XML Image sitemap, when a website has no content which contains video elements that can break its business, this type of sitemaps does not need to be used.
HTML Sitemap is almost similar to XML Sitemap. If the XML Sitemap focuses on search engines, the HTML Sitemap focuses more on users finding content. Generally, the HTML sitemap can be found in the footer of a web page